Journal of Acuherb in Medicine

The Vital Substances

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  • Jing (Essence)
    The refined and precious substance that is the material basis for all life. It influences our constitution, reproduction, growth and development, and our longevity. It is the foundation for the production of Qi and aids in the production of marrow. There is both Prenatal and Postnatal Jing. 
  • Xue (Blood)
    Blood is the densest of the vital substances, flowing through the vessels to moisten and nourish the Yin Yang organs, the tendons and muscles, the skin, and the sensory organs. Blood is the mother of Qi, and houses the Shen (Mind).
  • Jin Ye
    Origins, functions, and Yin Yang organ relationships for the thin light and watery fluids of the body, as well as the more dense and heavy fluids of the body.
  • Qi (Vital Energy or Life Force)
    Qi is the vital energy or life force that flows through the body’s Meridians, Yin Yang organs, and is responsible for moving the blood.
  • Forms of Qi
    Yuan Qi, Zong Qi, Zhen Qi, Zhong Qi, Zheng Qi, Gu Qi.
  • Functions and Movements of Qi 
    Qi can transform, transport, hold, raise, protect, and warm. Qi also has a normal flow or direction of movement associated with each Yin Yang organ. 
  • The Relationship of Blood and Qi

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